Progettare la sostenibilità / AA. 2012/2013

Il Master universitario è stato parte del sistema di azioni per l'Alta Formazione in Sardegna che costituisce la parte preponderante dell'offerta integrando ed ampliando l'esperienza del Master and Back.

Il Master si è preposto di costruire competenze nel campo della progettazione sostenibile dell'architettura, della città dell'ambiente e del paesaggio. In raccordo con gli obiettivi programmatici della Regione Autonoma della Sardegna in tema di sostenibilità dell'ambiente e del paesaggio l'obiettivo del Master è stato quello di elevare la competitività di figure professionali nel campo della progettazione sostenibile, consentendo ai giovani sardi iscritti di acquisire un alto profilo che assicura la diffusione di conoscenze e metodi operativi di progetto dello spazio urbano in grado di aprire nuove prospettive di lavoro in Sardegna e in ambito europeo.
Calendario attività in Sardegna I Design studios verranno tenuti da Belinda Tato e Jose Luis Vallejo di Ecosistema Urbano. Ogni docente seguirà un Design Studio assieme ad un tutor.
Accanto ai Design Studios, che occupano 150 ore di lezioni frontali, si terrà il corso di Environmental Urban Design, organizzato attraverso lezioni di specialisti nei campi disciplinari necessari per comprendere in maniera approfondita il progetto nei territori costieri. Queste lezioni sono concentrate nella parte iniziale del corso per dare più spazio allo sviluppo del progetto in prossimità dell'esame finale.
Si ricorda che i 20 CFU complessivi di questa parte del corso corrispondono a circa 200 ore d'aula ed a 500 ore complessive di impegno dello studente come studio individuale o di gruppo. E' importante quindi che questo aspetto venga considerato dagli studenti nell'organizzazione del loro tempo in questo periodo trascorso in Sardegna.
Accanto al corso e al di fuori dell'orario sono previsti tre seminari da un giorno con ulteriori visiting professor.

Study Content for Wintersemester 2012/2013 Dessau                           

"The Productive Landscape 2050: Saxonia- Anhalt as a Laboratory"

Place Matters

Classical Modernism assumed, that  the production of Architecture was independent of Place .
From this followed logically, that the application of ( building-) technology should 
consequently serve as a guarantee for such a ubiquitous quality.

The idea of being independent of place at any cost, be they financial, social or 
energetic, lasted as long as  the idea of unlimited growth prevailed within  a post-war, 
modern and technology-based Western Society.

By 1969, man had  finally set foot on the moon. On the one hand, this endeavour 
expanded the experience of „universe“ beyond  the limits of  a so far „man-made“
environment, bound to Galileo’s Globe.- It was an efficient achievement, reached by applying technology at any cost.-
However: Its basis was a belief in never-ending expansion.

Only with the First Oil Crisis, the statistical findings of the Club of Rome and  Norbert Wiener‘s 
1973 statement, that economic growth could come to a halt or even shrink, this dogmatic 
belief came to a halt: with it, the first (over-)optimistic epoch after WW 2 ended.

From then on, research into the environment was characterised by effectivity and no longer 
efficiency at any cost.
Optimalisation and not the maximisation of technology, process  instead of artefact, they became the 
keywords of the second post-war epoch. 
With it, the sense that Architecture and Urbanism which could deliver good solutions devoid of an inspection of location had to be abandoned.
As a consequence, our joint „Post-Mastercourse in Environmental Design“ is rooted on  the common assumption: 

Place Matters.

The  contents of study and research described here, are to be seen as a  methodological study, 
that in each of its parts will use its findings within its region, defining it as its field laboratory. 

Thus, as the first Semester of it takes place in Dessau (Germany), it will concern itself 
with issues of environments that prevail in this region.

Findings within  studios are therefore always related to location.- Using this methodology,
allows for another  broad study in the Second Semester, using Sardinia as a second field laboratory.

The disparities and similarities of new emerging infrastructures in Saxony-Anhalt and/or Sardinia 
 can then be brought together collectively by an  exhibition and a publication that will mark the end of the academic year.

The Prosumer

While existing fossil-based energy systems relied on the logic of centrality, tomorrow’s networks will have to increasingly decentralize, drawing their renewable energy from the region. 

In 1980, Alvin Toffler’s  Prosumer Vision imagined a producing consumer as an actor embedded in a highly saturated market place.

When producers and consumers converge, the proximity between the places of production, consumption, and storage need to be re-thought:

By trading and exchanging various forms and amounts of energy, the prosumer thinks lean by re- evaluating any form of waste (one’s output) as tradable commodity (someone’s input). 
With that thinking, Multi-sector integrated energy systems (so-called cells) of various prosumers start to emerge. 
These self-regulating cells, like natural systems, produce heterotopic networks of dependencies. Within this field of self-organization, the prosumer represents one unit of tomorrow’s energy landscape, a so-called energy organism, a unit that will probably be the most calculable.

In light of the looming energy turnaround, the emergence of such a Prosumer as a representative of the second generation of environmentalists, seems indispensable. 

Urban and Rural Transsect 2050 (10 CFU)

As explained above, the context of the design studios for the First Semester of the Course,
will be the City of Dessau and its immediate vicinity  under a scenario envisaged in 2050. 
The overall vision is divided into two distinctive zones of inspection: 

While studio 1 under the Studiomaster Joris Fach  will explore the impact of a prosumer lifestyle within the urban zones, studio 2 under Gunnar Hartmann  will investigate the rural prosumer landscape. 

As a basis, the  projections of visions contained within the International Building Exhibition 
"Less is Future: urban redevelopment of Saxony-Anhalt“, which was  prepared by the Federal
Bauhaus Foundation in 2010, are studied.
Along these lines, students are then asked to choose from a list of specific future scenarios.

Both studios combined will formulate „Urban-to-Rural Transects“, that define a series of conditions. 
Within a range, sparse rural farmhouses to dense urban center zones, including both  self-sufficient (off-grid) energy systems as well as smart grid networks, will be studied. 
The aim of the studios is to conceptualize the characteristics of future prosumer infrastructures in Saxony-Anhalt  in 2050, looking at them with the cutting edge expertise of today‘s Design. 

Studio Workshops

"Energy Organism"  with Andreas Kiessling 

"The Productive Landscape" with Lars Lerup 

Studio Seminars

Consultants and specialists for seminars incl. Umwelt Bundesamt. 
Participant Guests to be announced

Lectures (5 CFU)

(a) Theory of Architecture
(b) History of the European City

(alternating every week)

"OldNew: The Practice of Transforming Architecture"       

Joris Fach

"History of the European City"

Alfred Jacoby

Electives  (5 CFU)

(possible choices / for further electives consult the DIA Compendium) 

"Ecology + Architecture"

 Alfred Jacoby

"Architecture and the Digital“

 Arie Graafland

"Lets make better mistakes tomorrow"

 Gunnar Hartmann

"Data Mining"

Scott Maggart

While existing fossil-based energy systems rely on the logic of centrality, tomorrow’s networks will increasingly decentralize by drawing their renewable energy from the regional area.
If one expands upon Alvin Toffler’s 1980 pro- sumer vision—a producing consumer imbedded in a highly saturated market place—in light of the looming energy turnaround, the emergence of such pro- sumer (a representative of the second generation of environmentalists) seems indispensable.

When producers and consumers converge, the proximity between the places of production, consumption, and storage needs to be rethought.
By trading and exchanging various forms and amounts of energy, the prosumer thinks lean by revaluating any form of waste (one’s output) as tradable commodity (someone’s input).
Multi-sector integrated energy systems (so-called cells) of various prosumers start to emerge. These self-regulating cells, like natural systems, produce heterotopic networks of dependencies.
Within this field of self-organization, the prosumer represents one but perhaps the most assessa- ble unit of tomorrow’s energy landscape (so-called energy organism).

Throughout the semester our studio discussions and collective research will speculate upon the Prosumer Culture, outlining various modes of life and lifestyle choices.
A variety of workshops with energy consultants, system architects, historians of culture, health professionals, and engineers will be offered.
The aim of the collective research is to produce a source book that synthesizes between bodies of diverse knowledge of professionals in their fields.

With the self-imposed turn towards renewable energy ahead, Germany is about to redefine its energy landscape. While politics are determined to go green, the ideas and visions for production and distribution of alternative energies are numerous and contradicting.
And while energy prices are soaring and the reputation of energy-providers worsens, more and more villages across the country render themselves independent and go off-grid.

The studio will transpose this predominantly rural phenomenon of the energy- subsistent-village onto an urban scenario and explore, whether a metropolitan borough can go off-grid too.
We will compare the viability of various alternative energy-sources within the borough’s boundaries and design their physical consequences.

Can the technical equipment necessary for such efforts integrate in the urban fabric?
Can it provide distinct character, or even added value to civic space?
How does the off-grid-city distinguish itself from the rest of the city?

As self-sufficient systems depend on increased cooperation between all agents involved, our analysis will encompass the technical as well as the social realm.
We will therefore complement our borough with a civic institution, acting simultaneously as a nodal point in the local flows and exchanges of energy and people.
Finally, we will turn towards the promotion of our interventions and sketch how the off-grid-city presents itself within the broader city and beyond.

The off-grid-city will be located on a site that already attracts attention from the public eye, the area around the new-built European Central Bank in Frankfurt’s East End.

On the one hand this site forms the last cornerstone of a green belt that is about to surround the city of Frankfurt, on the other hand it sits next to the Eastern port and the river Main, a railway freight terminal, and a highly mixed old-new live-work neighbourhood.
This varied urban landscape invites a wide array of potential design strategies that integrate local energy sources with local life and an autarchic sense of place.

Corso Docente
(compreso studio individuale)
Laboratorio di Progettazione 1 Prof. Joris Fach ICAR/14
(laboratori paralleli)
10 250
Laboratorio di Progettazione 2 Prof. Gunnar Hartmann
History and Theory of Architecture and Urbanism Prof. Alfred Jacoby
ICAR/14 5
Elective Subjects


I Laboratori di progettazione 1 e 2 sono alternativi (verranno frequentati da circa 8 studenti ciascuno). I corsi opzionali vanno scelti dall'offerta di corsi opzionali del DIA.
Studio day is Monday (assistant) and Tuesday (Studio master). Morning and afternoon.
Theory lesson is Wednesday.